Author Topic: A+ Essentials Cram Notes 220-801  (Read 26355 times)

Offline Vijayb

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Re: A+ Essentials Cram Notes 220-801
« Reply #60 on: April 07, 2014, 05:33:59 AM »
38. Windows 2000 provides two versions of Registry Editor

      1. Regedt32.exe (32-bit) and
      2. Regedit.exe (16-bit).

Regedt32.exe is automatically installed in the systemroot\system32 folder, while Regedit.exe is
automatically installed in the systemroot folder. Regedit.exe is primarily used for its search
capabilities as it doesn’t support all functions and data types.

39. On a Windows 2000 computer, the default spool folder is located at:

Systemroot\System32\spool\printers. For example, if the OS is residing on C drive, the default
location will be: “C:\\WINNT\System32\spool\printers”.

You can access this location through:

Start -> Printers -> File -> Server Properties -> Advanced tab. Type in the new spool location over the default location.

40. Up-grade to Windows 2000:

- You can upgrade Windows 95/98, Windows NT 3.51Work Station, Windows NT 4.0 WS can be
upgraded to Windows 2000 Professional.

- You can’t upgrade Windows 3.1 and Windows for workgroups to Windows 2000 Professional. If you need to install 2000 Prof. On Windows 3.x, you need to upgrade first to Windows 95/98 or NT and then upgrade to 2000 Prof. It is easy to do a clean install of Windows 2000 on Windows 3.x machines.

Offline Vijayb

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Re: A+ Essentials Cram Notes 220-801
« Reply #61 on: April 07, 2014, 05:36:32 AM »
41. By default, Windows 2000 stores a user’s profile in the C:\Documents and Settings\ user_name
folder on the computer the user logs on.When a new user logs on, his initial user profile is an exact
copy of either the local or domain-wide “default user” profile folder.The local default user profile
folder is located in %root%\Documents and Settings.

If you have installed Windows 2000 in C drive, it is C:\Documents and Settings.

42. The Windows 2000 Performance tool is composed of two parts:

   1. System Monitor, and
   2. Performance Logs and Alerts.

With System Monitor, you can collect and view real-time data about memory, disk, processor,
network, and other activity in chart (graph), histogram, or report form.

Through Performance Logs and Alerts you can configure logs to record performance data and set
system alerts to notify you when a specified counter's value is above or below a defined threshold.

43. Pressing F8 during boot process in Windows 2000 desk top bring up the following options:

    1. Safe Mode
    2. Safe Mode with Networking
    3. Safe Mode with Command prompt
    4. Enable Boot Logging
    5. Enable VGA Mode
    6. Last Known Good Configuration
    7. Debugging Mode
    8. Boot Normally

Safe Mode loads only the drivers necessary to get the desk top up and running. The drivers loaded
with Safe Mode include mouse, monitor, keyboard, hard drive, and standard video driver.

Safe Mode with Networking is same as Safe Mode with networking enabled.

Safe Mode with Command Prompt option loads the command prompt instead of Windows 2000
graphical interface.

Enable VGA Mode option loads a standard VGA driver. This option is good if you have any problem
with newly installed video driver.

Last Known Good Configuration enables the desk top to load the configuration that was stored when it was booted successfully last time. This option can’t take care of any hardware related problems.

The Debugging Mode option runs the Kernel Debugger, if that utility is installed.

The Boot Normally is same as not pressing the F8 key. The Windows boots normally.

Offline Vijayb

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Re: A+ Essentials Cram Notes 220-801
« Reply #62 on: April 07, 2014, 05:38:36 AM »
44. You can access Task Manager by pressing <Alt> <Ctrl> <Del>. The applications tab lists all the
applications that are currently running on the computer. The current status of the application is also
displayed as either “Running” or “not responding” or “stopped”.

45. Blue screen messages are also called STOP messages. You will not be allowed to proceed, when a blue screen message appears. The most likely cause of blue screen messages are:

    1. Boot sector virus
    2. IRQ/ IO address conflicts.

You can check for any boot sector virus, and also for any conflicting IRQ / IO addresses.

46. You can configure support for multiple displays on your Windows 2000 computer. This is done
through the use of Control Panel -> Display -> Settings. A Windows 2000 computer can support up to ten display monitors at the same time. Use additional video cards as required.

47. On a Windows 2000 computer, disk quotas can be used on NTFS volumes. Windows Explorer can be used to configure and monitor disk quotas.

48. On a Windows computer, you can use the View tab in Folder Options applet in the Control Panel
to show / hide files and folders that have “Hidden” attribute set. You can also use Windows Explorer

-> Tools -> Folder Options -> View tab.

Offline Vijayb

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Re: A+ Essentials Cram Notes 220-801
« Reply #63 on: April 07, 2014, 05:40:54 AM »
49. If you want to install Windows 2000 on the same partition as that of Windows 98, install 2000
Professional either on the FAT file systems or on the FAT32 for dual boot. Windows 98 supports FAT
(FAT16) and FAT32. It doesn’t support NTFS file system.

50. The various file systems supported by Windows 2000 are:

    1. FAT: Also called FAT16, supported by all Microsoft Operating Systems.
    2. FAT32: Also supported by Win 95 OSR2 and Win98
    3. NTFS: This is not supported by Win95/98
    4. CDFS (Compact Disk File System, used to access CDs)
    5. UDF (Universal Disk Format, used to access DVDs)

51. If you want to have dual boot between Windows NT 4 and Windows 2000, ensure that Service
Pack 4 is installed on Windows NT 4. This is required since Windows 2000 upgrades the NTFS to
NTFS 5. NT4 requires Service Pack 4 to read and write to NTFS 5.

52. If you encrypt a folder on an NTFS volume, all files and subfolders created in the encrypted folder are automatically encrypted. Therefore, it is recommended that you use encryption at the parent folder level.

Also note that you can’t encrypt a file or folder that is compressed. If you want to encrypt a file or
folder that is compressed, you need to first decompress the file or folder and then encrypt. Only NTFS volumes support file or folder encryption.

53. You don’t need to have a network card installed for successful installation of Windows 2000
Professional. You can use loop back adapter for this purpose and proceed with the installation.
Network card can be installed at a later time, when required.

54. In Windows 2000 computer, Disk Management is used to create, manage, and delete simple
volumes, spanned volumes, mirrored volumes, striped, and stripe set with parity volumes. Disk
Administrator is NT 4 tool and is not available in Windows 2000.

55. Only Windows NT Server 4 and Windows NT Server 3.51 can be upgraded to Windows 2000
Server. Windows NT Workstation 4.0 or Windows 95/98 can't be upgraded to 2000 Server.

56. You can use System Monitor as well as Task Manager to monitor Processor and Memory usage on your Windows 2000 computer.

Offline Vijayb

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Re: A+ Essentials Cram Notes 220-801
« Reply #64 on: April 07, 2014, 05:42:27 AM »

SRAM - Static RAM
RAM - Random Axis Memory
DRAM - Dynamic RAM
PROM - Programmable ROM
ROM - Read Only Memory
BIOS - Basic Input/Output System
DIMM - Dual-Inline Memory Module
SIMM - Single-Inline Memory Module
SDRAM - Synchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory
EDO DRAM - Extended Data Output Dynamic Random Access Memory
DDR-SDRAM - Double Data Rate - Synchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory
PCMCIA - Personal Computer Memory Card International Association
ESATA - External Serial Advanced Technology Attachment
DVD - Digital Video Disc
PCI - Peripheral Component Interconnect
WXGA - Wide Extended Graphics Array
DSDD - Double Sided Double Density
DSHD - Double Sided High Density
DSED - Double Sided Extra Density
SXGA - Super eXtended Graphics Array
WSXGA - Wide Super-eXtended Graphics Array
UXGA - Ultra eXtended Graphics Array
WUXGA - Wide Ultra eXtended Graphics Array
PGA - Pin Grid Array
FAT - File Allocation Table
ATX - Advanced Technology Extended
UPS - Uninterruptible Power Supply
COM - Component Object Model
SCSI - Small Computer System Interface
USB - Universal Serial Bus
IRQ - Interrupt Request
ISA - Industry Standard Architecture
EISA - Extended Industry Standard Architecture
VESA - Video Electronics Standards Association
AGP - Accelerated Graphics Port
POST - Power-On Self-Test
TCP/IP - Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol
IDE - Integrated Drive Electronics
CMOS - Complementary Metal-Oxide Semiconductor
PDAs - Personal Digital Assistants
SEC - Set Carry
FC-PGA - ‘Flip-Chip' Pin Grid Array
CGA - Color Graphics Adapter
VGA - Video Graphics Array
EGA - Enhanced Graphics Adapter
SVGA - Super Video Graphics Array